Oil spills are a very dangerous occurrence for the marine ecosystem is affected and the marine life-forms’ existence gets unnecessarily threatened. Since exploration of oil from oceanic resources has become a must and oil spills end up occurring accidentally, as a result, it becomes important to employ various oil spill cleanup methods.
We at Chrixpam Energy adopt different methodologies for the purpose of cleaning up oil spills. Some of the few important and commonly used methods are explained as follows:
1. Using Containment Boom
We use the containment boom which is a temporary floating barrier to contain an oil spill as it helps to reduce the possibility of polluting shorelines and other resources as well as to help make recovery easier. Booms help to concentrate oil in thicker surface layers so that skimmers, vacuums, or other collection methods can be used more effectively. They come in many shapes and sizes, with various levels of effectiveness in different types of water conditions
As the name suggests, skimming involves the removal of the oil spillage with the help of tools and equipments from the surface of the water. The most important aspect to be noted that only lighter oils can be separated and removed from the water in this method of cleaning up oil spills. This is because the density of oil will tend to be lighter than the density of water.
There are four main types of oil skimmer: weir (manual or self-adjusting), belt, oleophilic and non-oleophilic (disc, drum, belt, tube, brush,mop, grooved disc, grooved drum)
3. Using dispensers
This method involves using fertilizers to disperse the oil spillage in the water. Even though the method sounds and looks unconventional, it is one of the highly recommended oil spill cleanup methods. The fertilizers help to hasten the growth of micro-organisms which help to diffuse the components of the oil spilt in the water.
4. Burning In-situ
In simple terms, this means burning of the oil on the site where the spillage has occurred. The burning has to be done quite promptly before the oil spill can spread to a larger area. But the most important disadvantage of such an on-site burning is that the exhaust that is released contains toxic particles that can cause damage to the oceanic air in addition to the marine life-forms..